Wetland Classification and Mapping of the Kenai Lowland, Alaska

Literature Cited

Baker, B.W., B.S. Cade, W.L. Mangus, J.L. McMillen, 1995. Spatial analysis of sandhill crane nesting habitat. Journal of Wildlife Management 59(4): 752-758.

Barbour, M.G., J.H. Burk, and W.D. Pitts, 1980.  Terrestrial Plant Ecology.  The Benjamin /Cummings Publishing Company, Inc., Menlo Park , California.  604 pp.

Batten, A.R., S Murphy, D.F. Murray.  1978.  Definition of coastal wetlands by floristic criteria.  USEPA no. 804965-01. US Environmental Protection Agency, Corvalis Environmental Research Laboratory, Corvalis, OR.  490 p.

Beason, S., E. Beaulieu, S.O. Hamlon, M.Z. Iqbal, P.M. Kennard and J.C. Walters, 2006.  The environmental implications on major braided river channels at Mount Rainier National Park, Washington.  Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Geological Society of America. October 22-26, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Boggs, K. 2000.  Classification of community types, successional sequences and landscapes of the Copper River Delta, Alaska. Gen.Tech.Rep. PNW-GTR-469.  US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. 244 p.

Børsheim, K.Y., B.E. Christensen, and T.J. Painter, 2001.  Preservation of fish by embedment in Sphagnum moss, peat or holocellulose: experimental proof of the oxopolysaccharidic nature of the preservative substance and of its antimicrobial and tanning action.  Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies 2(2001)63-74.

Bos, G.N.  1967.  Range typea and their utilization by muskox on Nunivak Island, Alaska, a recconaissance study.  MS Thesis, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska.  113 p.

Bridgham, S.D., J. Pastor, J.A. Janssens, C. Chapin, and T.J. Malterer, 1996.  Multiple limiting gradients in peatlands: A call for a new paradigm.  Wetlands 16(1), pp 45-65.

Brinson, M.  1993,  A hydrogeomorphic classification for wetlands. Technical Report WRP-DE-4, US Army Corps of Engineers, Wetlands Research Program, Washington DC.

Brinson, M, FR Hauer, LC Lee, WL Nutter, RD Rheinhardt, RD Smith, and D Whigam, 1995.  A Guidebook for application of hydrogeomorphic assessments to riverine wetlands.  Technical Report WRP-DE-11.  US Army Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station, Washington, DC.

Brock, S. and I. Burke. 1980.  Vegetation.  In: N. Farquar, J. Schubert [eds] Ray Mountains, central Alaska: environmental analysis and resource statement.  Northern Studies Program, Middlebury College, Middlebury, VT.  147-202.

Calmes, M.A.  1976.  Vegetation patterns of bottomland bogs in the Fairbanks area, Alaska.  MS Thesis, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK.  104 p.

Clark, M., 1995. Hydrology, morphology and redox potential in four soils of southcentral Alaska. MS Thesis, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, 140pp.

Cooper, W.S. 1942.  Vegetation of the Prince William Sound region, Alaska; with a brief excursion into post-Pliestocene climatic history.  Ecological Monographs, 12(1)1-22.

Cowardin, LM, V Carter, FC Goulet, and ET LaRoe, 1979.  Classification of wetlands and deepwater habitats of the United States.  FWS/OBS-79/31.  US Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC. 131pp.

Combellick, R.A., 1997.  Evidence of prehistoric great earthquakes in the Cook Inlet Region, Alaska.  In 1997 guide to the geology of the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska.  S.M. Karl, N.R. Vaughn and T.J. Ryherd, eds.  Alaska Geological Society, Anchorage, Alaska. 

Craighead, J.J., F.L. Craighead, D.J. Craighead, and L. Roland.  1988.  Mapping arctic vegetation in northwest Alaska using Landsat MSS imagery.  National Geographic Research. 4(4)496-527.

Crow, J.H. 1977.  Salt marshes of Port Valdez, Alaska, and vicinity: a baseline study.  Final Report to US Department of Interior.  Rutgers University Department of Botany, Newark Department of Arts and Sciences, Newark, NJ. 112 p.

Crow, J.H. and J.D. Koppen.  1977.  The salt marshes of China Poot Bay, Alaska.  Vol. 10: Environmental Studies of Kachemak Bay and lower Cook Inlet.  Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Anchorage, AK.  29 p.

Dachnowski-Stokes, A.P.  1941.  Peat Resources in Alaska.  Tech. Bull. 769.  US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.  84 p.

Daubenmire, R.F., 1968.  Plant communities; a textbook of plant synecology.  Harper and Row. NY.  300pp.

DeVelice, R., C.J. Hubbard, K. Boggs, S. Boudreau, M. Potkin, T. Boucher, C. Wertheim. 1999.  Plant community types of the Chugach National Forest: Southcentral Alaska.  Tech Pub R10-TP-76.  US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Chugach National Forest, Alaska Region, Anchorage, AK. 375 p.

Drury, W.H., Jr.  1956.  Bog flats and phsiographic processes in the upper Kuskokwim River region, Alaska.  Canadian Journal of Botany, 57(23):2644-2656.

Embleton, C.and C.A.M. King, 1975.  Glacial Geomorphology.  John Wiley and Sons, NY.  573pp.

Environmental Laboratory.  1987. Corps of Engineers wetland delineation manual. Technical Report Y-87-1, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.

Erickson, D., J. Issacs, K. Morris and P. Butler.  2000.  January 2000 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Restoration Project Draft Environmental Assessment, Homer Mariner Park Habitat Restoration Project 99314.  Dames and Moore, Inc., Anchorage, Alaska. 

Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2002.  Flora of North America North of Mexico, V. 23 Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae.  Oxford University Press, NY, NY.  608pp.

Foster, D.R., G.A. King, and M.V. Santelman, 1988.  Patterend fens of western Labrador and adjacent Quebec: phytosociology, water chemistry, landform features and dynamics of surface patterns.  Canadian Journal of Botany, 66: 2402-2418.

Foster, D.R. and S.C. Fritz, 1987.  Mire development, pool formation and landscape processes on patterend fens in Dalarna, Central Sweden.  Journal of Ecology, 75: 409:437.

Fox, J.L.  1983.  Constraints on winter habitat selection by the mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus) in Alaska.  PhD thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.  147 p.

Freeze, R.A., and J.A. Cherry, 1979.  Groundwater.  Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA.  604 pp.

Glaser, P.H., G.A. Wheeler, E. Gorham and H.E. Wright, Jr., 1981.  The patterned mires of the Red Lake Peatland, Northern Minnesota: Vegetation, water chemistry and landforms.  Journal of Ecology, 69: 575-599.

Glaser, P.H., J.A. Janssens and D.I. Siegel, 1990.  The response of vegetation to chemical and hydrological gradients in the Lost River Peatland, northern Minnesota.  Journal of Ecology, 78(1021-1048).

Gleason, H.A., 1926.  The individualistic concept of the plant association.  Contributions from the New York Botanical Garden.  279:53(7-26).

Hall, J., J. Powell, S. Carrick, T. Rockwell, G. Hollands, T. Walter and J. White.  2002.  Operational Draft Guidebook for assessing the functions of slope/flat wetland complexes in the lower Kenai River drainage basin using the HGM approach.  State of Alaska, Department of Environmental Conservation, Juneau, Alaska.  170pp.

Hanson, H.C. 1951.  Characteristics if some grassland, marsh and other plant communities in western Alaska.  Ecological Monographs.  21(4)317-378.

Hanson, H.C. 1953.  Vegetation types in northwestern Alaska and comparisons with communities in other arctic regions.  Ecology. 34(1)111-140.

Heusser, C.J.  1960.  Late-Pliestocene environments of North Pacific North America.  Am. Geog. Soc. Special Publication 35.  American Geographical Society, NY.  308 p.

Hill, M.O.  1979.  TWINSPAN, A FORTRAN program for detrended correspondence analysis and reciprocal averaging.  Ecology and Systematics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Holowaychuk, N., and N.E. Smeck.  1979.  Soils of the Chucki-Imuruk area.  In: H.R. Melchoir [ed] Biological Survey of the Bering Land Bridge National Monument, Revised Final Report.  Biology and Resource Management Program, Program, Alaska Cooperative Park Studies Unit, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK.  114-192.

Hogan, M. and G.F. Tande.  1983.  Vegetation types and bird use of Anchorage wetlands.  U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service- Region 7, Anchorage, AK.  Special Studies, 134 p.

Hopkins, D.M. and R.S. Sigafoos.  1951.  Frost action and vegetation patterns on Seward Peninsula, Alaska.  Geol. Surv. Bull. 974-C.  US Department of the Interior, Geological Survey, Washington, D.C.  51-100.Hulten, E.  1960.  Flora of the Aleutian Islands and westernmost Alaska Peninsula with notes on the flora of the Commander Islands. 2nd edition, revised.  J Cramer, Weinheim, Germany.  376 p.

Huikari, O.  1959. Metsäojitettujen turvemaiden vesitaloudesta.  [On the water management of forest drained peat soils.]  Comm. Inst. For. Fenn., 51(2): 1-45.  In: Ingram, H.A.P., 1983.  Hydrology. In A.J.P. Gore, ed.  Ecosystems of the World, 4A: Mires: Swamp Bog, Fen and Moor.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.  p 67-158.

Hultén, Eric. 1968.  Flora of Alaska and Neighboring Territories.  Sanford University Press, Sanford, California, USA.  1008 pp.

Ingram, H.A.P., 1983.  Hydrology. In A.J.P. Gore, ed.  Ecosystems of the World, 4A: Mires: Swamp Bog, Fen and Moor.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.  p 67-158.

Jaques, D.R.  1973.  Reconnaissance botany of alpine ecosystems on Prince of Whales Island, southeast Alaska.  MS Thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.  133 p.

Jokela, J.B., J.A. Munter, and J.G. Evans.  1991.  Ground-Water Resources of the Palmer-Big Lake Area, Alaska: A Conceptual Model. State of Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, Report of Investigations, 90-4.  38pp. 3 sheets.

Jones, S.H. and C. Zenone, 1988.  Flood of October 1986 at Seward, Alaska.  USGS Water Resources Investigations Report 87-4278.  Anchorage, Alaska. 43 pp.

Karlstrom, T. 1964.  Quarternary geology of the Kenai Lowland and glacial history of the Cook Inlet Region, Alaska.  US Department of the Interior Geological Survey Professional Paper 443.  US Gov. Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 69 p.

Kenkel, N.C., 1987.  Trends and interrelationships in boreal vegetation.  Canadian Journal of Botany, 56(12-22).

Krebs, C.H., 1978.  Ecology: The experimental analysis of distribution and abundance.  Harper and Row Publishers, NY.  Second edition.  678 pp.

Lindsay, R.  1995.   Bogs: The ecology, classification and conservation of ombrotrophic mires.  Scottish Natural Heritage, Perth, Scotland.  120 pp.

Luken, J.O. and W.D. Billings.  1983.  Changes in bryophyte production associated with a thermokarst erosion cycle in a subarctic bog.  Lindbergia 9:163-168.

Makila, M., M. Saarnisto and T. Kankainen, 2001.  Aapa mires as a carbon sink and source during the Holocene.  Journal of Ecology, 89: 589-599.

McCune, B. and M.J. Mefford.  1999.  PC-ORD.  Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data, Version 4.  MjM Software Design, Gleneden Beach, OR, USA.  237pp.

Moore, P.D. and D.J. Bellamy, 1974.  Peatlands.  Elek Science, London.  221pp.

Murray, D.F.  1974.  Notes on the botany at slected localities in the Alatna and Killik River valleys, central Brooks Range, Alaska.  Final Report.  University of Alaska, Alaska Cooperative Park Studies Unit, Fairbanks, Alaska.  218 p.

Natural Resource Conservation Service, 1997.  National range and pasture handbook. U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resource Conservation Service, Washington, D.C., USA.

Ourso, B. and S. Franzel, 2003.  Identification of linear and threshold responses in streams along a gradient of urbanization in Anchorage, Alaska.  Hydrobiology 510:117-131.

Parsons, T. 2002.  Impervious surface analysis of the Bridge Creek Reservoir Watershed: Direct measure using GIS technology.  Cook Inlet Keeper, Homer, Alaska.  9 pp.  available at: http://www.inletkeeper.org/impervious/BCW%20final%20report_lowres.pdf

Pearsall, W.H., 1966.  Two blanket bogs in Sutherland.  Journal of Ecology, 44: 493-516.

Peterson, B.J., J.E. Hubble and T.L. Corliss.  1986.  Carbon flow in a tundra stream ecosystem.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 43: 1259-1270.

Post, RA. 1996.  Functional profile of black spruce wetlands in Alaska.  US EPA, Alaska Operations Office, Seattle, WA, 170pp.

Price, R.J., 1973.  Glacial and Fluvioglacial Landforms.  [Edited by K.M. Clayton].  Hafner Publishing Company, NY.  242pp.

Racine, C.H.  1976.  Flora and Vegetation.  In: H.R. Melchoir [ed] Biological Survey of the Proposed Kobuk Valley National Monument. Final Report.  Biology and Resource Management Program, Program, Alaska Cooperative Park Studies Unit, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK.  39-139.

Racine, C.H., 1978a.  Ecosystems and vegetation types of the proposed Katmai western extension in relation to soils, topography and disturbance.  In: S.B. Young & C.H. Racine [eds]: Ecosystems of the proposed Katmai western extension, Bristol Bay lowlands, Alaska: Final Report. Contributions from the Center for Northern studies # 15.  Center for Northern Studies, Wolcott,VT. 94 p.

Racine, C.H., 1978b.  Vegetation of the proposed Lake Clark National Park in relation to  topography, soils and disturbance.  In: C.H. Racine & S.B. Young [eds]: Ecosystems of the proposed Lake Clark National Park, Alaska.  Contributions from the center for Northern Studies # 16.  Center for Northern Studies, Wolcott,VT. p 33-129.

Racine, C.H., and J.H. Anderson. 1979.  Flora and vegetation of the Chukchi-Imuruk area.  In: Melchoir, H.R. [ed.] Biological Survey of the Bering Land Bridge National Monument: revised final report.  Biology and Resource Management Program, Alaska Cooperative Park Studies Unit, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK.  38-113.

Reger, R.D. and D.S. Pinney.  1996.  Late Wisconsin glaciation of the Cook Inlet region with emphasis on Kenai Lowland and implications for early peopling.  In: N.Y. Davis and W.E. Davis [eds] Adventure Through Time: Readings in the Anthropology of Cook Inlet, Alaska.  Cook Inlet Historical Society, Anchorage, Alaska, USA.  pp 15-35.

Reger, R.D., D.S. Pinney, R.M. Burke, and M.A. Wise.  1996.  Catalog and initial analysis of geologic data related to middle to late Quaternary deposits, Cook Inlet Region, Alaska. Report of Investigations 95-6.  State of Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA.  188 pp.

Reger, R.D., 2006.  Personal comment in email message dated 30 September 2006: "If the Valdez Group in that area is like correlative rocks on the south side of Port Valdez, the flysch sequence contains many soft linear zones of shear along bedding planes during the intensive folding and tectonic thickening.  One can almost stick his thumb in those gouge zones and they serve as conduits for groundwater flow through the bedrock."

Rigg, G.B.  1914.  Notes on the flora of some Alaskan sphagnum bogs.  Plant World 17(6)167-182.

Ritchie, R., J. Curatolo, A. Batten.  1981. Knik Arm wetland study: final report.  Alaska Biological Research, Fairbanks, AK, 95 p.

Ritter, D.F., 1986.  Process Geomorphology.  Wm. C. Brown Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa, USA.  579 pp.

Rosenberg, D.  1986.  Wetland types and bird use of Kenai Lowlands.  US Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 7, Anchorage, AK. Special Studies.  189 p.

Rosgen, D. and H.L. Silvey, 1996.  Applied River Morphology.  Wildland Hydrology Books, Pagosa Springs, Colorado, USA. 325 pp. 

Safina, C., 1993. Population trends, habitat utilization, and outlook for the sandhill crane in North America: a review and synthesis. Bird Populations 1:1-27.

Scheierl, R. and M. Meyer.  1976.  Evaluation and inventory of waterfowl habitats of the Copper River Delta, Alaska, by remote sensing.  IAFHE RSL research report 76-3.  Remote Sensing Laboratory, College of Forestry and the Agriculture Experiment Station, Institute of Agriculture, Forestry and Home Economics, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN.  73 p.

Sequin, R.J.  1977.  Portage Flats wildlife habitat inventory and analysis 1977.  In: L.S. Mangan [ed] Western Interstate Commission for Higher Educationm Boulder, CO.  64 p.

Shephard, M.E.  1995.  Plant community ecology and classification of the Yakutat Foreland, Alaska.  Tech. report R10-TP-56.  US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Alaska Region, Tongass National Forest, Chatam Area, Sitka, Alaska in cooperation with the Alaska Natural Heritage Program, Environment and Natural Resources Institute, University of Alaska, Anchorage, Anchorage, AK.  267 p.

Sjors, H., 1963,  Bogs and fens on Attawapiskat River, Northern Ontario.  Natural Museum of Canada Bulletin, 186: 45-133.

Smith, R.L., 1974  Ecology and Field Biology.  Harper and Row Publishers, NY.  Second edition.  850pp.

Streveler, G.P., I.A. Worley, C.J. Terry and R.J. Gordon.  1973.  Dixon Harbor biological survey: Final Report on the summer phas of 1973 research.  Unpublished report on file with Institute of Northern Forestry, 308 Tanana Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska.  241 p.

Steigers, W.D. Jr., D. Helm, J.G. MacCracken [et. al.]. 1983.  Alaska Power Authority, Susitna Hydroelectric Project, environmental studies- subtask 7.12: 1982 plant ecology studies. Final Report.  University of Alaska, Agricultural Experiment Station, Palmer, AK.  288 p.

Tande, G.F.  1983.  Vegetation.  In T.C. Rothe, S.H. Lanigan, A. Patricia, and G.F. Tande.  Natural resource inventory of Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska: part I.  Special Studies.  US Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 7, Anchorage, Alaska.  14-85. 

Tiner, R.A. 2003.  Dichotomous keys and mapping codes for wetland landscape position, landform, water flow path and waterbody type descriptors.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wetlands Inventory Program, Northeast Region,  Hadley, Massachusetts, USA.  44 pp.

U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, 1991.  Ecological classification and inventory handbook. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Service Handbook, Amendment 2090.11-91- 1, Washington, D. C., USA.

USDA Soil Conservation Service.  1994.  “Changes in Hydric Soils of the United States,” Federal Register 59(133): 35680-35681, July 13, 1994.

USDA Soil Conservation Service, Soil Survey Staff.  1999.  Soil taxonomy: a basic system of soil classification for making and interpreting soil surveys.” Agricultural Handbook 436. 2nd edition.

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, Douglas J. Van Patten.  2005.  Soil Survey of Western Kenai Peninsula, Alaska

http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gov/Manuscripts/AK652/0/WesternKenai.pdf  (4.35 MB).

Van Cleve, K., L.A. Viereck, R.L. Schlentner.  1971.  Accumulation of nitrogen on alder (Alnus) ecosystems near Fairbanks, Alaska.  Arctic and Alpine Research.  3(2)101-114.

Viereck, L.A.  1963.  Sheep investigations: survey of range ecology.  Alaska Department of Fish and Game, project W-6-R-4, work plan E, Job 2a.

Viereck, L.A.  1970.  Preliminary investigation of vegetation types surrounding Lake Aleknagik, Wood River Lakes, Alaska.  Unpublished report on file with Institute of Northern Foresty, 308 Tanana Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska.  15 p.

Viereck, L.A.  1989.  Floodplain succession and vegetation classification in interior Alaska.  In D.E. Ferguson, P. Morgan, F.D. Johnson, [comps] Proceedings, land classifications based on vegetation: applications for resource management; 17-19 November 1987, Moscow, ID.  Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-257, US department of Agriculture, Forest Service Intermountain Research Station, Ogde, UT.  197-203.

Viereck, L.A., C.T. Dyrness, A.R. Batten and K.J.Wenzlick. 1992.  The Alaska Vegetation Classification. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-286.  US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.  278 p.

Vince, S.W. and A. Snow.  1984.  Plant zonation in an Alaskan salt marsh: I. Distribution, abundance and environmental factors.  Journal of Ecology 72: 651-667.

Vince, S.W, and A. Snow.  1984.  Plant zonation in an Alaska salt marsh: II. An expiremental study of the role of edaphic conditions.  Journal of Ecology 72: 669-684.

Vitt, D.H., 1995.  An overview of factors that influence the development of Canadian peatlands.  Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 169: 7-20.

Waddington, J.M and N.T. Roulet, 2000.  Carbon balance of a boreal patterned peatland.  Global Change Biology 6: 87-97.

Weaver, J.E. and Clements, F.E., 1938.  Plant Ecology.  McGrw- Hill Book Company, Inc. NY.  Second edition.  601pp.

Weidemer, M., D.R. Montgomery, A.R. Gillespie, and H. Greenberg, in prep. Late Quaternary megafloods from Glacial Lake Atna, Southcentral Alaska, USA. University of Washigton, Seattle.

Wheeler, R.D. and M.C.F. Proctor, 2000.  Ecological gradients, subdivisions and terminology of north-west European mires.  Journal of Ecology, 88: 187-203.

White, R.G, B.R. Thompson, T. Skogland [et. al.] 1975. Ecology of caribou at Prudhoe Bay, Alaska.  In J. Brown [ed] Ecological investigations of the tundra biome in the Prudhoe Bay region, Alaska.  Biol. Pap. Univ. Alaska Spec. Rep. 2.  University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska, 151-201.

Wilson, W.J., and L.S. Underwood.  1979.  An assessment of environmental effects of construction and operation of the proposed Terror Lake hydroelectric facility, Kodiak, Alaska.  Arctic Environmental Information and Data Center, University of Alaska, Anchorage, Alaska.  305 p.

YSI, Inc., 1998.  YSI Model 63 handheld pH, conductivity, salinity and temperature system operations manual.  YSI, Inc.  Yellow Springs, OH, USA.  41pp.

Yarie, J. 1983.  Forest community classification of the Porcupine River drainage, interior Alaska, and its application to forest management.  Gen Tech Report PNW-154.  US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR.  68 p.

Young, S.B., and C.H. Racine.  1976.  General vegetation studies.  In: S.B. Young [ed.] The environment of the Yukon-Charley Rivers area Alaska: results of the Center for Northern Studies biological survey of the Yukon-Charley Rivers area 1974-5.  Contributions from the Center for Northern Studies #9.  Center for Northern Studies, Wolcott, VT. p 40-58.


 

 Introduction and Key to Plant Communities  

Introduction and Key to Ecosystems

    Kenai Hydric Soils    Map Unit Summary    Methods

 

Contact: Mike Gracz
PO Box 15301
Fritz Creek, AK 99603

28 November 2007 14:34